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Pharmacological treatments include stimulant medication (first line) and non-stimulant medication second, third and fourth line options, as detailed in Figure 1 of the Factsheet.  Non-pharmacological treatment options include lifestyle changes, parent-family training, cognitive-behavioural interventions and ADHD coaching as detailed in Figure 1 of the Factsheet.

Pharmacological treatment for people with ADHD should be conducted following the recommendations in the Australian Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline for ADHD. See the Medication Treatment Decision Flowcharts for Adults, Children and Adolescents in the below Factsheet.

Before prescribing medication to help people treat their ADHD symptoms, the person’s general health should be assessed, and treatment options explained, including potential benefits and side effects. Clinicians and people with ADHD (or their parents/carers) should make treatment decisions together, after discussing all relevant issues. Choice and dosage of medication must be optimised for each person. See the Factsheet for more information.

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