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Appendix 1.

Definitions of terms as used in this guideline



ClinicianHealth professional, such as medical doctor (general practitioner, psychiatrist, paediatrician), nurse (mental health nurse, nurse practitioner), allied health professional (psychologist, occupational therapist, speech pathologist), pharmacist.
EducatorTeacher, early childhood educator, lecturer
Young childrenChildren aged below 5 years
ChildrenChildren aged 5 to 12 years
AdolescentsPeople aged 13 to 17 years
Children and adolescentsChildren and adolescents aged 5 to 17 years
AdultsPeople aged 18 years and above
DiversionThe illegal distribution or abuse of prescription drugs or their use for purposes not intended by the prescriber
Co-occurring condition/disorderA disorder that is diagnosed in an individual alongside another disorder
ConditionThis is the preferred term for a medical, mental health or developmental disorder.
Cognitive-behavioural interventionsThe term “cognitive-behavioural interventions” is used to refer to a broad range of approaches that use cognitive and/or behavioural interventions to minimise the day-to-day impact on functioning from ADHD symptoms.
Cognitive trainingInterventions intending to improve aspects of cognition such as attention and memory (and ultimately broader aspects of functioning such as ADHD symptom severity) via the use of computerised training programs.
Parent/family trainingParent/family training refers to interventions aiming to help parents to optimise parenting skills to meet the additional parenting needs of children and adolescents with ADHD, through cognitive-behavioural parent training delivered directly to parents (or primary carers).
Environmental modificationsChanges that are made to the environment to support a person with ADHD in their day-to-day life and maximise their activities, participation and quality of life.
Mental health conditionsConditions that affect mood, thinking and behaviour. These include anxiety, depressive disorders and others.
NeurofeedbackA form of biofeedback that applies principles of operant conditioning to brain electrical activity to teach self-regulation of brain function.
Neurodevelopmental disorderConditions that occur in the developmental period where there are differences in the achievement of developmental milestones. Includes ADHD, autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disorders, communication disorders and tic disorders.
Specific learning disordersLearning and academic skill challenges in specific areas including reading, spelling, written expression and mathematics.
TransitionThe transfer of the care of a person with ADHD from one service to another
Follow-upFollow up of a trial efficacy 3, 6 or 12 months after the end of treatment
Post treatmentImmediately after the conclusion of treatment in a trial
Supported decision makingInvolves supporting a person to make their own decisions by giving them the tools they need to do so, to safeguard their autonomy.