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ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by differences in brain and cognitive development. Symptoms include difficulties with focusing and sustaining attention, and hyperactive and impulsive symptoms, which are greater than that expected for a person’s age or developmental level. For most people, ADHD symptoms continue into adulthood and are lifelong.

People with ADHD can struggle to focus and concentrate, control their impulses and make decisions that take into account longer-term consequences. They can experience difficulties with planning and prioritising, getting organised, and time management. These difficulties can impact the ability to study, work, manage responsibilities, develop and maintain social relationships, enjoy leisure time and relax. They can also negatively impact self-confidence and self-esteem.

Around 6-8% of Australian children have ADHD, and around 3-5% of Australian adults have ADHD which means more than around 1 million Australians have ADHD.

What is the Australian Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline For ADHD?

Considerable gains have been achieved in the identification and care of people with ADHD; however, many people still do not receive Guideline-recommended care. The goal of this guideline is to improve the identification, diagnosis, treatment and support of people with ADHD. The guideline includes recommendations for young children, children, adolescents and adults. This free factsheet contains a summary of the guideline recommendations for clinicians. Click to download it below.

Download The Clinician Factsheet

Resources for clinicians

The guideline has several resources for clinicians to support clinical quality improvement in ADHD identification, diagnosis, treatment and care. You can access these resources here.


For more information please email the guideline team:


AADPA has produced this clinical practice guideline to support the delivery of appropriate care for a defined condition. The clinical practice guideline is based on the best evidence available at the time of development. Healthcare professionals are advised to use clinical discretion and consideration of the circumstances of the individual client, in consultation with the client and/or their carer or guardian, when applying information contained within the clinical practice guideline. People with lived experience should use the information in the clinical practice guideline as a guide to inform discussions with their healthcare professional about the applicability of the clinical recommendations to their individual situation.