Areas for further investigation
The GDG identified numerous areas for research, including evidence gaps relevant to the care of people with ADHD. This included gaps in the areas of screening, co-occurring disorders, pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, and emerging approaches such as ADHD coaches and peer support. A lack of research in subgroups was also noted including adults, older adults, girls and women, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, people from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds, migrants, people with co-occurring substance use disorders and imprisoned people.
There is also a lack of research regarding models of care within the Australian context, and in particular, shared care models between primary and secondary care. There is a lack of research on how to best support children and adolescents with ADHD in Australian schools.
Understanding evidence gaps and identifying research priorities will require significant future research using a structured approach. The involvement of people with a lived experience of ADHD in all aspects of the research process is essential.
The following selected examples of required research topics illustrate the breadth and depth of research that is needed in Australia to attain the goal of providing evidence-based care for individuals with ADHD.