Summary of narrative review
There is no robust research evidence on what information and support should be routinely provided at diagnosis to people with ADHD. Parents of children with ADHD have expressed the need for concise, tailored and reliable information (Ahmed, Borst, Yong, & Aslani, 2014). This includes information on the causes, mechanisms and potential impacts of having ADHD (Ahmed et al., 2014).
There is a clear need to provide information to the person with ADHD, parents, families, educational institutions and workplaces to educate people about the symptoms and functional impact of ADHD, treatment, and support required, and to dispel myths. Given a lack of research in this area, the NICE guideline recommendations have been adapted to suit the Australian context.
Consumer groups provide a major avenue of information and support for individuals and families, as well as an entry point to gain extra information and support in educational institutions such as universities, mental health services and workplaces. The internet and online peer support groups also provide information on ADHD to consumers and those involved in ADHD support. There are currently no adequately resourced ADHD-specific helplines to provide services for all Australians with ADHD. The ADHD Foundation runs the National ADHD Helpline, but it relies solely on volunteers, so does not have the capacity to service the whole Australian community.
There is a lack of Australian information on ADHD available to those for whom English is their second language or for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities (see section 6.2). There is also a lack of information for older adults. Support services could be delivered through psychoeducation and support and by nurse educators, social workers, and peer support workers.