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ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by differences in brain and cognitive development. Symptoms include difficulties with focusing and sustaining attention and hyperactive and impulsive symptoms which are greater than that expected for a person’s age or developmental level. For most people, ADHD symptoms continue into adulthood and are lifelong.

Around 6-8% of Australian children have ADHD, and around 3-5% of Australian adults have ADHD which means more than around 1 million Australians have ADHD.

People with ADHD can struggle to focus and concentrate, control their impulses and make decisions that take into account longer-term consequences. They can experience difficulties with planning and prioritising, getting organised, and time management. These difficulties can impact the ability to study, work, manage responsibilities, develop and maintain social relationships, enjoy leisure time and relax. They can also negatively impact self-confidence and self-esteem.

The Australian Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline For ADHD contains recommendations for clinicians on the identification, diagnosis, treatment and support for people with ADHD in Australia. The guideline includes recommendations for young children, children, adolescents and adults. This factsheet contains a summary of the guideline recommendations and what it means for you. You can use this factsheet to help make informed decisions about your care.

Download the factsheet for people with Lived Experience of ADHD below to better understand what the recommendations mean to those living with ADHD.

Download the Guideline Consumer Factsheet

Resources for people with a lived experience

The guideline has several resources for people with a lived experience of ADHD. You can access these resources here.


For more information, email the guideline team:


AADPA has produced this clinical practice guideline to support the delivery of appropriate care for a defined condition. The clinical practice guideline is based on the best evidence available at the time of development. Healthcare professionals are advised to use clinical discretion and consideration of the circumstances of the individual client, in consultation with the client and/or their carer or guardian, when applying information contained within the clinical practice guideline. People with a lived experience should use the information in the clinical practice guideline as a guide to inform discussions with their healthcare professional about the applicability of the clinical recommendations to their individual situation.